Phlox is an attractive, blooming species of plant which can be planted individually in your yard or as a garden border. Phlox flowers for a long period of time; it's blooms have unmatched longevity and it is fairly easy to grow. This article teaches you how to properly take care of your phlox plant, whether it is the upright or trailing species. Learn about how to plant Phlox by knowing its soil, lighting, water and fertilization requirements by reading on.
Phlox’s Lighting Requirements:
All species of Phlox thrive in full sun conditions. They will tolerate shade, but may become spindly and weak if they don’t receive enough sunlight. The best place to plant phlox is in an area of your yard that receives morning sun and has good air circulation. You want the morning dew to be evaporated off of the leaves as quickly as possible to prevent mildew. Morning sunlight combined with wind gusts provide the perfect environment for phlox.
Phlox’s Soil Requirements:
Phlox will adapt to grow in a wide array of soil types including the heavier clay-like soils. Phlox prefers soils with average moisture but good drainage; consider supplementing your soil with pearlite or peat moss to improve drainage. Pearlite is a medium which will improve drainage while simultaneously retaining moisture, and are the little white rocks that are often observed in a potting soil mix.
Phlox’s Watering Requirements:
Your Phlox’s watering requirements will vary depending upon what kind of soil it has been planted in. Heavier soils tend to retain water and hold moisture for a longer period of time than a lighter soil would. Soils containing a large percentage of sand will need to be watered on a fairly regular basis whereas well draining and lighter soils may not need to be supplemented with water at all.
Generally, phlox needs to be watered once every two weeks during the hottest months of summer. Otherwise, the plant should be able to be sustained from natural water.
Fertilizing your Phlox:
It is always a good idea to keep the base of your phlox plant covered in a moderate layer of mulch. Spread ground up leaf litter or grass clippings around the base of the plant to retain the soil’s natural moisture and supplement the soil with nutrients. When organic matter is decomposed, beneficial nutrients are released and make their way into the soil where they supplement the roots of all plants.
In general, you will not need to fertilize your phlox plants too often unless they are young plants. Older established plants only need to be fertilized once a year at the start of spring. Younger plants benefit from monthly fertilization with either granular or liquid fertilizer. If you’re using granular fertilizer, you should fertilize the younger plants immediately after watering. However, if you use liquid fertilizer you should mix the fertilizer in the water that you use to water the plants.