Growing a persimmon tree in a garden is something that many people look forward to doing. They provide a great tasting fruit and provide plenty of shade as they begin to mature. Persimmon trees are not overly difficult to take care of. However, propagating the trees from seeds can be quite tricky. There are some tips you can follow for the best results.
Seeds or Grafting
Many people have asked which method of planting brings about the best results--planting seeds or taking grafts from existing trees. While neither method is better, the results you get from taking a graft will be much faster than with planting seeds. It can take several years to get a tree that is grown feom seeds, while it will take about 8 weeks when you propagate from a graft.
Grafting a Persimmon Tree
If you know where there are some established persimmon trees, cut off an 8 inch section of a branch. This should be done where the leaf meets the stem. Dip the graft into a rooting hormone and place it in a soil mixture in a sealed plastic bag. Rooting should take about 8 weeks but it could take several months depending on the conditions. Once it begins to form a root, you can transplant it to a pot. Be sure to water it regularly until you can transplant it outside.
Propagating with Seeds
The first step in propagating persimmon trees is to remove the seeds from the ripened fruit. Clean the fruit away from any of the pulp of the seed or it will not begin to germinate. Many people make the mistake of planting the seeds in late spring and expect to see sprouts in a few weeks. One of the traits of the persimmon tree seed is that it will not germinate until a frost has occurred. Most of the time, the fruit will taste its best after a frost.
Place in Pot for Winter
To get the best results from your persimmon tree seeds you should place them in a pot with good nutrients and a rich soil. Place the pot outside during the winter. Once the winter is over and the seeds have been able to thaw out from the freezing process, some of them will begin to germinate.
It Might Take a Few Winters
Some of the seeds will germinate after the first winter but some will need a few extra years of frost in order to kick-start the germination process. If you don't see signs of germination, set them in a plastic bag with a few inches of soil and leave them for 3 months. They should begin to form roots within that time.
Transplant the Root
Leave the seed in the original pot and keep fertilized with compost. Water it regularly so that the soil is moist, but not wet. You should be seeing signs of a sprout within a few weeks. When you do, let the plant sit in warm temperatures, about 70 to 75 degrees. After it grows to about 3/4 of the pot, transplant it to a larger contaner until you can plant it in the ground in late spring.