An antique dining table is among the toughest types of furniture to restore simply because it may have more stains and damages due to constant use. Furthermore, its finish is very demanding because it has to be smooth, free from cracks or splits, and be level. However, with a little bit of patience, the job can be easily done.
Step 1 – Preparation
First of all you need to find a well ventilated area because you will be using solvents. Such a location should also be dust free because later on, you will be laying down a fresh finish. You also need to lay down an old rag beneath the antique table to protect the floor from any drippings. Remember to always wear safety glasses and rubber gloves to protect yourself.
Step 2 – Cleaning the Table
Get a container and pour some mineral spirit in it. Dip the cotton cloth in the liquid and wipe down the table. Remember to always move in the direction of the wood grain to better remove any oils, waxes and dirt which may have accumulated. Remember to frequently change the cloth area you are using so that you constantly use a clean cloth. You may need to use several cotton cloths if you have a big table. Once the table top is finished, you can move on to the table legs. However, this time you should rub downwards in a circular motion, especially if the legs are round.
Step 3 – Remove Traces of Paint
After cleaning the table, you may still have some paint residues, so get your steel wool, dip it in the mineral spirit, and gently rub the paint residues from the table.
Step 4 – Removing Mineral Spirit
Once the table is cleaned, you need to remove the mineral spirit from the table, so get the denatured alcohol, pour it in a container, saturate a clean cloth with it, and wipe the entire surface. You should apply it in long, strong movements in the same direction of the wood grain. You should then allow the alcohol to dry and wipe your fingers along the surface to check if it is clean. Your fingers should squeak.
Step 5 – Filling up Scratches
Perforations and larger scratches should be filled up with the touch-up pen. Keep in mind that the touch-up pen should be in the same finish as the one you will be applying later on. You should then wipe any excess material with a cloth. If, on the other hand, the table has too many scratches, you should apply wood stain on the whole table. Therefore, pour the wood stain in a container and make sure it is properly mixed because color pigments may settle at the bottom of the can. Then, use a paintbrush to apply the stain with long strokes and in the direction of the grain. You should wipe off any excess stain with a clean terrycloth rag while it is still wet. You have to go through the same process with the table’s apron and legs. Remember that it is better to apply several thin layers rather than a thick one and to also leave the stain to dry between each consecutive application.
Step 6 – Applying Topcoat
Once the stain has dried, you should dust the entire table with a tack cloth to prepare it for the final topcoat. Make sure that the topcoat is properly mixed before application. Now, get a lint-free cloth and use it to apply the topcoat over the table in the direction of the grain. Then, let the coat dry for at least two hours and get your sandpaper. Keep the sandpaper flat while applying light pressure with the palm of your hand as you work in back and forth strokes always in relation to the grain. Again, use the tack cloth to remove any dust, apply a second layer of topcoat and re-sand it to get a smooth finish.
This is the easiest way to restore your antique table to pristine conditions. However, heavily damaged tables may need the intervention of professionals