Spoon Fishing Techniques

Spoon fishing is used by anglers to catch bass, trout, pike and other large fish. The spoon is an effective type of lure that has an oblong, concave shape, much like a spoon. The spoon tricks the fish into thinking it is bait. The spoons are available in a variety of weights, sizes, colors and shapes. Some spoons are designed with single hooks and some are designed with treble hooks. The material used to make these lures include: metal, composite material and wood. These spoon lures must be tied differently depending on the line and technique. Fishing spoons can be found at most tackle and bait shops. 

Choosing the Spoon

Decide on the type of spoon you will be using. There are five different types of spoon lures. The wide, long casting spoon lures are the most common ones. The trolling spoon lures are narrow. The weedless spoons have a wire guard that covers the hook. This type of spoon keeps the lure from becoming caught in heavy vegetation. The jigging spoons are best for fishing in deep water and the surface spoons are designed to be kept atop of the water being fished.

Tying the Spoon

When using a weedless, trolling or casting spoon lure, use a leader to tie it to the line. It is important to tie the leader properly to prevent the line and spoon from becoming twisted as they are reeled in. The spoons will also appear more natural in the water which will make them more effective as bait. Use a clinch knot to tie a ball-bearing snap swivel to the line which will enable the spoon to wobble in the water without twisting the fishing line. Use an 18-inch piece of ultra-lightweight fishing line as the leader. An ultra-lightweight fishing line will look almost invisible in the water. Use a trilene knot to tie the leader to the ball-bearing snap swivel. Tie the spoon to the leader with another trilene knot.

Casting the Spoon

Choose the spot in the water where you would like to cast your spoon. Keep away from areas with high vegetation where the spoon might become snagged on weeds. Cast the spoon using a high forward motion. The spoon should make a large splash as it lands on the water. The splash will attract the fish to the area. Once the spoon has hit the water, quickly reel it back in. Do not allow the spoon to become stuck on any vegetation under the water or at the bottom of the water. Move the spoon back and forth at the tip of the rod to make it appear more natural. Slowly sway the spoon to the side as you reel it in. When you feel that a fish is biting, pull back on the tip of the rod. This will hook the fish and you will be able to reel it in.