Terms of the Trade: What Is a CFL Bulb?
CFL stands for compact fluorescent lamp. Unlike an incandescent bulb, which produces light via a wire filament that glows as current runs through it, CFLs produce light when electric current travels through a tube of argon and mercury vapor. An ultraviolet light excites the fluorescent coating inside the tube, creating visible light. CFLs sell for anywhere from three to 10 times more than a regular incandescent bulb, but their lifespan is eight to 15 times longer and they use up to 75 percent less energy than an incandescent.