Terrazzo floors are often thought of as being either marble or granite and, as such, people try to conduct terrazzo floor repair as though it were. This is a big mistake, because despite its appearance, it's not the same as these other stone floor types. Terrazzo floor repair follows some of the same methods as marble, but is not completely repaired the same way.
Terrazzo floors are a type of artisan floor that was created in the Venetian period. Stone masons would cart away scrap marble from other work they were doing and mix it with concrete. This is how terrazzo floors were born, and they offer a cheaper alternative to marble floors while still maintaining the beauty. Here are some mistakes you should avoid when trying terrazzo floor repair on your own.
Many people like putting carpet on sections of terrazzo floors in order to section it off. When it comes time to remove the carpet it will usually just be pulled up. This can chip the terrazzo floor, as the nails will be forced out at many angles. In order to remove carpet properly, you have to cut it along the nail line. You can then roll the carpet up and pull it from the carpet glue if there's any on the floor. Break the board away from the nails and then hammer the nails into the terrazzo floor with a rubber mallet. Removing the nails will cause more harm than good, as it would leave holes and possibly chip away pieces of the floor.
Terrazzo floors are not granite, despite looking like it. Terrazzo floor repair should be treated more like marble. Terrazzo floors are much softer than granite, so they can easily be stained and worn down quickly.
Never Clean with Vinegar
Vinegar is a natural cleaner and that's why many people think it's suitable to use for removing stains. Vinegar, unfortunately, is too acidic for terrazzo floors. Using vinegar can etch the surface of the floor or dull its appearance.
Simplicity Is Key
When it comes to terrazzo floor repair, you should just keep it as simple as possible. Terrazzo floors have a layer of wax that gives it the shine you're familiar with. Using abrasive cleaners can remove this wax and, if using a scrub brush, can seriously scratch the floor surface. You should never use anything harsher than mild detergent, water and a soft cloth or sponge.
Scratches and Scuffs
Damage to terrazzo floors is often found to be as simple as a scuff mark or small scratches. There are no chemicals to use in this process, so don't attempt to use any to remove these marks. A clean rag and soapy water should be all that you need to remove them. If these marks are much deeper, then you can remove the wax and sand down the floor with fine grit sandpaper. Buff it with oil and then reapply floor wax.