Financing a remodeling project with a home equity loan can be a cost-effective way to upgrade and personalize your home. There are many renovation choices, including installing a deck, finishing your basement, remodeling your kitchen, or adding a bathroom. Any of these projects can improve the functionality and comfort for your family now and increase your home’s value if you decide to sell in the future.
To qualify for a home equity loan, you must have positive equity in your current residence. Equity is the difference between the market value of your home (what it could sell for) and the amount you still owe on your mortgage. Borrowers must meet additional lending requirements, including income and credit verification.
Typical Characteristics of a Home Equity Loan
A home equity loan has some similarities to and differences from a mortgage. For typical home equity loans:
The fixed payback period may be selected within a range to fit your budget.
A fixed interest rate applies for the duration of the loan.
A lump sum payment is received when the loan is signed.
Interest begins accruing when the loan funds.
The loan is secured by your home.
Closing costs may be lower than a primary mortgage.
Benefits of Using a Home Equity Loan for Home Improvement Projects
Several basic characteristics of a home equity loan make it a very attractive financing option.
Lower interest rate. Because home equity loans are secured by your home, you can generally get an attractive interest rate that is oftentimes lower than an unsecured loan or credit card.
Tax benefits. If you itemize deductions, you may be able to deduct the interest you pay on a home equity loan. Your tax preparer can estimate how much will be deductible based on your personal financial situation.
A select a payback period to fit your budget. Some home equity loans can have a term of up to 20 years, or possibly longer.
Increased home value. Home improvements can add equity to the home. Remodeling Magazine estimates that remodeling projects return 48 - 101% of the project cost at resale, depending on location and type of project. A local real estate professional can help predict the impact your renovation will have on your home’s resale value. Some owners use home equity loans to make specific high return improvements, increasing the home’s appeal before listing for sale.
Tips for Getting the Most Out of Your Loan
Set a budget and stick to it. Since a home equity loan is issued for a one-time set dollar amount, determine how much your project will cost before you apply for a loan. Obtain estimates and discuss the scope with professionals to establish a realistic budget. You may want to add 10 - 15% to the estimates to cover overruns.
Understand differences between equity and ROI. Equity is the value of your home above the existing mortgage. ROI is the Return on Investment for the project. Home improvements may increase your equity but not return 100% of what you spend. For example, if you spend $20,000 on a minor kitchen remodel, it may increase the value of your home by only $16,000. Keep these financial projections in mind, especially if you plan to live in the home for just a few years.
Balance your current needs with resale value. You may make a home improvement that improves your current comfort and meets your personal needs for daily living. However, personalizing too much can reduce your ultimate ROI since potential homebuyers may not share your tastes.
Using a Home Equity Loan for Home Improvements Makes Sense
Using a home equity loan for remodeling can provide comfort and value. A lower Interest rate and tax benefits may bring the costs down even further, depending on your circumstances. The additional option of spreading payments over a long period of time can make the use of a home equity loan a very affordable and attractive financing option.
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