Subterranean termites are beneficial to nature. These little insects are responsible for breaking down dead trees and rotting wooden materials, turning these into humus soil. However, when they have found their way into homes, they can be very destructive. They can cause great damage to the wooden elements of the home and even commercial establishments. To avoid the damage that may be caused by these types of termites, they should be kept away from the homes. If they have already started making their nests in the property, owners should make the necessary steps to get rid of these pests completely. Here are some tips on how to get rid of subterranean termites.
Know the Signs of Termite Infestation
Subterranean termite infestation may not be easily detected especially by the untrained eyes. These insects are so tiny that they are not readily noticeable. They can multiply in homes without the knowledge of the people living in the structure. They can remain hidden for a long period of time. Because of this characteristic, it has become extremely difficult to control their existence in homes and property. The first thing to do when trying to get rid of these insects, therefore, is to look for signs of their infestation. Telltale signs that they exist in a home include the presence of the following:
- Mud tubes. These may run along cracks, behind baseboards and sidings, and even underneath floors. These tubes are the shelters of the termites.
- Damaged or rotten wood. Termites eat away the interior of the wood, often leaving blisters or darkened areas on the wooden flooring. A rotting portion of wooden floor may be a good indication of termite infestation.
- Swarmers. These are winged termites that may be seen coming out of the mud tubes.
If one or all of these indicators are present in your home, then this means that your house is being attacked by termites.
Cut off the Food Source
Termites often swarm into a property when they detect a food source. To get rid of them, cut off their source of food. In other words, keep them away from wood. This can be done by pressure treating the wooden elements of the home, making sure that they do not accumulate moisture. The smell of moisture in wood can encourage termite attack. Likewise, keep the wooden elements from getting in contact with the soil as much as possible. Subterranean termites originate from the soil and cutting their entry into the wooden materials can greatly help in controlling infestation. It may also help if the soil is treated with chemicals.
Try to annihilate all termite infestations by applying termiticides, not only on the affected areas but on the adjacent areas as well. This will ensure that no termite will continue to live on the home. The termiticide should also be injected into holes and cracks and must be thoroughly applied not only on the exterior but also on the interior of the foundation walls.
Employ Foam and Baiting Systems
These can be applied on soil-filled areas of the porch as well as on chimneys and slab ovens.
When applying termiticides or other chemicals to infested areas, it is important to be thorough, making sure that not a single termite still lives. If you are not thorough with the process, subterranean termites re-infestation can occur.