Tips for Leveling a Basement Floor

Work required for leveling a basement floor will often be required before further work can be undertaken. A level floor will ensure that all subsequent installations and construction work are effective and correctly fitted. By following a few tips during the process, you will find that the procedure is not difficult to undertake correctly.


It is necessary to begin with some preparation work, which will ensure that the basement is ready and that you have all the equipment necessary for the project. Remove all furnishings and portable items from the basement so that they are in a different location rather than moved aside. There are a range of tools that you will need and you must ensure that you have gathered them all beforehand. Remove any floorboards and baseboards that may be in place. Prior to leveling a basement floor, you should also ensure that it is clean by sweeping up any debris. Ensure that you plan sufficient time to complete the work and allow it to dry.  


Where it is necessary, you will need to complete repair work to the concrete before leveling the basement floor. Over time, holes and cracks may develop in the surface of the concrete, which will need to be filled with caulk. While this can be undertaken with an applicator gun, you should still have a scraper and a damp rag on hand to ensure a clean finish. After smoothing the filler with the scraper, wipe away the excess with a damp rag.   


Self-leveling compound should be used for leveling a basement floor, which will make the task easier to complete successfully. As part of this process, expansion tape will need to be applied to all the lower edges of the room where the wall meets the floor. This helps to control the flow of the compound and create space for it to expand. Self-leveling compound is available in powder form and must be mixed with water before it can be poured. This is easier to achieve if it is mixed in a wheel barrow as it will be easier to pour. Read the instructions first and add a little bit of water at a time to ensure that the result is not too runny. Use a stirring stick to ensure that it is thoroughly combined.    


Start at the furthest corner when pouring the compound for leveling a basement floor. Do this in strips along the length of the room of approximately a foot wide. A concrete rake can be used to spread the compound so that it covers the surface evenly, which can be done with a trowel for any small or awkward corners. It can then be left alone so that gravity can take over to make it settle and level the floor. Leave the compound to dry for at least three days to ensure it sets properly. Only after this time should you proceed to install any floorboards and baseboards over the compound.