Using a Power Mixer to Mix Concrete

What You'll Need
Portland cement in bags
Rented power mixer
Plastic sheeting
Face mask
Work gloves
Crushed rock or other coarse aggregate
Garden hose and nozzle
Large bucket

Using a power mixer makes the job much easier when you have a concrete project that is too large to mix by hand, but still not quite large enough to order pre-mixed from a concrete/masonry company.

Step 1: Rent Mixer and Gather Tools

Most hardware retailers that rent power cement mixers offer instructional sessions on how to use and clean them, often at no additional charge. Take advantage of this is order to save a lot of guess work later. Have all of your other tools ready in your work area and make sure they are in good condition. When storing bags of portland cement, it is important to keep them on top of plastic sheeting to protect them from any moisture from the ground. Any bag of cement that gets wet on the bottom will start to cure, leaving you with a wasted lump of unusable concrete at the bottom of the bag.

Step 2: Load the Mixer

Wet the inside drum of the power mixer with the garden hose; this will help make cleaning up easier. Use a bucket to combine the dry portland cement, aggregate, and sand according to the rule of three parts aggregate, two parts sand, and one part cement. Mixing this in the bucket is simpler than keeping track of how many shovelfulls of each component you scoop into the mixer drum.

Always wear a protective face mask to keep from breathing in dust from dry cement; it contains harmful silicates that can lead to lung damage. Also wear work gloves and other protective clothing to keep cement from skin contact because it has alkalies that can cause irritation.     

Carefully pour the dry components into the power mixer drum. Add small amounts of water to this dry mixture until you get the concrete consistency you want; it should be roughly as thick as cake batter. Too little water is easier to handle than too much; it is better to add more to a too-thick mixture than measuring out more dry cement ingredients to add to a too-thin mixture. Allow the mixer to turn the concrete until it is uniformly grey, which typically does not take more than five minutes.  

Step 3: Pour Concrete  

Once the water and cement combine and react on a chemical level, you have a relatively short window to pour and trowel it before it starts to cure and become too difficult to work with properly. Only mix the amount you need with the power mixer, and make sure before pouring that your concrete is thick enough to cling to the sides of the drum but still fall off once it rotates to the top.

After pouring out all your concrete, immediately hose down the inside of the mixer drum to remove any clumps still stuck to the sides. It is a good idea to use a higher pressure setting on the hose nozzle for this; any wet concrete left on the side will cure quickly and become difficult to completely remove.