When you transplant a walnut tree you must understand that the process may kill the tree. It does not matter what species of walnut tree you are trying to transplant, the very process of digging up the tree, moving it, and replanting it, can send it into shock and distress. Walnut trees have a very delicate root system. When they are damaged, or the tree is in distress, it is hard to bring back to good health.
Transplanting Tips For Walnut Trees
In general, when transplanting your walnut tree, younger trees will be easier to transplant. They have the vigor needed to overcome the stress involved in the tree. They will also be able to withstand being moved better if the roots are dried out. Transplanting a walnut tree can be done. However, there are some specific steps to follow and tips to consider to make the transplanting process successful.
Before you begin to dig up your tree you must make sure that the area where you will be transplanting the tree is clear of any wires and other obstructions. If you are moving a young tree, keep in mind that the walnut tree will grow to over 90 feet tall.
Walnut trees like to be in soil that is easily drained and has some sandy, clay, and silt in it. The soil should be rich in nutrients, but also not hold a lot of water. The water should be able to soak into the ground relatively easy.
Transplant In Early Spring
If you are planning to transplant a walnut tree from your own home, you must start planning it early in the year. At the first signs of spring, before the buds begin to sprout, you should be moving the tree. If you do not get to the tree in time, do not move it. Wait until late in the fall when the leaves fall off.
Measure for Root Safety
The last thing you want to do when transplanting your walnut tree is to damage the roots. When you are getting ready to dig around the tree, you must do a little measuring. Measure the trunk of the tree. For every inch of the trunk you will use the same measurement for the root ball in feet. For instance, if the trunk of the tree measures 3 inches in width, you will need to cut out 3 feet for the root ball.
Dig Around Tree
Use your spade shovel and mark the diameter of what you need to dig. After you know the dimensions, and it is marked out, then dig up the tree. Leave as much of the soil as you can. When you do come into contact with any roots, make a clean cut with your shovel. Wrap the roots in wet burlap and set in a wheelbarrow or other transportation method. Transplant the tree the same day for the best success.
Dig your hole three times the size of your root ball. Water the hole and place some compost at the bottom of the hole. Unwrap the root ball and slide the tree into the hole. Cover with dirt and make sure the tree stands upright and does not lean. Compact the soil around the tree and water.