Not many people pay attention to the their under sink water heater. It is usually an appliance that is taken for granted. Until it breaks that is. When it is time to replace your under the sink water heater, there are a few things to take into consideration.
Size does Matter
The most obvious consideration has got to be the size of it. If you have very little space, you are going to need a very little water heater. Since you will not have space for a storage tank, tank-less water heaters are ideal for underneath sinks.
Gas-Type vs Electrical
Since the water heater is going to be located under your sink, the ventilation needed to properly vent a gas-type water heater is not possible. You will need to only consider electrical models.
Another important aspect is the amount of electricity the hot water heater will require to work. Will your circuit breaker be able to support the electrical demands? It is best to hook your water heater up to its own circuit.
Do you have a dishwasher that is going to be utilizing the water heated by this device? Or is it merely to heat the water for the sink?
A dishwasher demands 1 to 3 gallons of water per minute while a kitchen sink demands 1 to 1.5. Tank-less water heaters generate a temperature based on the flow rate demand, thus making it an important time to decide if you are going to install that dishwasher you have always dreamed of or not.
Incoming Water Temperature
If you live in Alaska, the incoming water temperature is going to be significantly lower than if you lived in Florida. You will need to determine how much you need the temperature of the water to rise to reach your desired temperature. If the temperature of the ambient incoming water is only 50 degrees and you require the minimum of 140 degrees for dishwasher disinfection, you will need a tank-less water heater that produces a 90 degree temperature rise at 3 gallons per minute. However, if you anticipate additional usage, it is important to calculate the rise in temperature for the maximum number of gallons per minute you think might be used.
Installation and Maintenance
Proper installation will play a vital role in getting maximum energy efficiency. Installation should be done by a qualified, licensed plumbing and heating contractor.
As with most electrical appliances, to get the most life out of it you are going to need to perform regular care and maintenance. Follow the guidelines that are found in the owner’s manual.
Most tank-less water heaters have a minimum life expectancy of 20 years. However, there are parts that may burn up before then and need replacing or repair. Thus, if you notice significantly lower performance, there is a good chance it is in need of a minor repair.