The term wood glue is applicable to many different types of glue that are used in woodwork. You can use wood glue for a variety of projects, such as bonding pieces of furniture, applying veneer on a sheet or board of wood and in flooring. The right choice of material and glue is critical to the success and overall appeal of any wood project. Below are some of the safety precautions you must follow when you use wood glue.
Wear Adequate Protection
Many types of wood glue contain formaldehyde, which is a toxic material. If possible, choose wood glue that is free of any toxic materials. When you use wood glue, you must protect your skin, eyes and respiratory tract by wearing gloves, safety goggles and a respiratory mask. When you open the container and start application, keep in mind the open time for the glue, which is the amount of time it can be kept open without drying. Work in small batches rather than applying wood glue over a large surface area.
Work in a Well Ventilated Area
Excessive exposure to wood glue can cause breathing problems and headaches in some people. Long term exposure has also been shown to contribute to the development of cancer in individuals. You must therefore try to work in an airy, ventilated area so that you have plenty of fresh air.
Use Proper Tools
Wood glue is usually spread with a trowel. Never use your bare hands to apply wood glue, as it can cause irritation and in some cases, burning and redness.
Use Recommended Amounts Only
Never use excessive amounts of wood glue to try and achieve a better result. Excessive use of these substances is harmful to the user and also to the environment. Refer to the usage instructions and follow them properly.
Keep out of the Reach of Children
Keep the container of wood glue in a cool, dark place that is out of the reach of young children and pets. If unknowingly ingested, wood glue can be lethal.
Never Leave the Lid Open
Before storing the container of wood glue, ensure that it is tightly shut. A loose cap can cause the wood glue to dry very fast and also emanate fumes in some cases. Also, an unsecured bottle can be an invitation to curious pets or children.
Dispose of Safely
After you finish using the wood glue, you must dispose of the empty container safely. Never pour remaining amounts in the sink or down the drain. It can clog your pipes and also leach into waterways. Contact local waste management authorities to determine if wood glue falls under the hazardous waste category in your area.
Seek Medical Attention in Case of Ingestion or Inhalation
If wood glue is inhaled in excessive amounts or consumed, it can cause serious health complications. If the concerned person has inhaled wood glue and is feeling sick, move them outdoors for some fresh air. If their condition does not improve, call medical authorities. In case of ingestion, call a poison center immediately. Do not attempt any self-cure methods.