The yucca plant species encompasses up to 50 different shrubs, perennials, and trees in the agave family of plants. Yuccas are notable for their rosettes of very green, sword like leaves, and large cluster of white flowers. They are widely grown as ornamental plants in gardens and can even contain edible berries, seeds, and fruits.
There are several different methods for propagating the Yucca plant. Because of the ease of starting and growing the plant, the Yucca is a favorite from Canada to South America. Here are a few of the most basic methods for propagating Yucca plants.
1. Propagation by Seed
Getting your Yucca started from seed is a very popular and successful method. To propagate with seeds place them in a small flat dish and cover with some cactus-friendly soil. Water in moderation and make sure they do not get too wet. The seeds will germinate within three weeks, but will take five months to grow full leaves.
2. Propagation by Transplanting
The best time to do any transplanting of the Yucca is when the seeds are still young. At one to two years the root system is established to it makes the moving more stressful on the plant. After a few months of growing from seeds, it is safe to transplant to a different pot or to the ground. However, frequent transplants into larger pots will induce fast and steady growth.
3. Propagation by Offshoots
Once the Yucca is established in the ground, or in a large pot, it will begin to develop offshoots or smaller buds. Propagating offshoots is a very simple process that requires simply removing the offshoot and planting in soil. Offshoots can be removed at any time from the parent plant by carefully cutting, or digging, around it. Remove the pups and plant in their own soil.
4. Propagation by Cutting
Using stem cuttings to propagate your Yucca plants is another very easy and popular method. These cuttings should be taken during the growing season and set immediately into a soil mixture for roots to develop. You can also take the stem cuttings with or without leaves. For the best results remove the bottom leaves of the stem before planting. This method is most successful in humid areas because the plant will have a hard time in drier areas. It usually takes two to three months for the root formation to be completed. Keep the soil moist during this time, but not too saturated.
5. Propagation by Bulbils
Bulbils are quite similar to baby pups of the plant. They form on the axillary buds between the stem and leaves. They can be removed at any time prior to them falling on the ground so you get the best chance of developing a root system. Place the bulbil in a sandy mixture and keep it moist. These will set roots quite quickly and can be ready for planting in pots within eight weeks. After they have been transplanted into pots they will continue to grow very quickly, doubling in size within a short period of time.